Robert D. Putnam is Malkin Professor of Public Policy at Harvard University. Raised in a small town in the Midwest and educated at Swarthmore, Oxford, and Yale, he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of the American Philosophical Society, a Fellow of the British Academy, and past president of the American Political Science Association. His recent books include Better Together: Restoring the American Community (2003); Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society (2002); Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community (2000); Disaffected Democracies: What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (2000); Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (1993); Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics (1993); and Hanging Together:The Seven-Power Summits (1984). His books and articles have been translated into eighteen languages. Making Democracy Work was praised by the Economist as "a great work of social science, worthy to rank alongside de Tocqueville, Pareto and Weber," and both MDW and Bowling Alone are among the most cited publications in the social sciences worldwide in the last several decades. He has taught at the University of Michigan and Harvard and served on the staff of the National Security Council. He has also served as Dean of the Kennedy School of Government and Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences at Harvard. He is currently working on three major empirical projects: (1) the changing role of religion in contemporary America, (2) the effects of workplace practices on family and community life, and (3) practical strategies for civic renewal in the United States in the context of growing social and ethnic diversity.