Edward G. Carmines is Warner O. Chapman Professor of Political Science and Rudy Professor at Indiana University. He is also the Research Director at the Center on Congress at Indiana University. Professor Carmines has published research on public opinion, party identification, political behavior, and research methodology in the top journals of the discipline including the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, and The Journal of Politics. The author/co-author of seven books, Professor Carmines is currently working on two book projects, one with Jessica Gerrity and Michael Wagner focusing on public attitudes toward Congress, and the other with co-authors J. Merrill Shanks, Henry Brady, and Douglas Strand about the importance of issues in the 2004 election. Two of his books, Issue Evolution (with James A. Stimson) and Reaching Beyond Race (with Paul Sniderman) have won the American Political Science Association’s Kammerer Award for Best Book in the Field of U.S. National Policy. Professor Carmines was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 2000-2001.